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Macro Photography: Exploring The Unseen


  • 24 Nov, 2018
  • 143

Ever wondered about how to take clear-cut images of tiny creatures? Are you really interested in Macro Photography? Let's explore deep into the world of the unseen…
Macro Photography is generally a close-up photography focusing on minute objects which is mainly unnoticed. There’s a world underneath your feet and you begin to see it when you put a macro lens on your camera. Shooting small objects poses great challenges and comes with high rewards.
The technique of macro also sometimes referred to as microphotography is to take the really awesome blown up images of otherwise very small subjects. It may be an insect or a flower. Macro photography is very tricky because when you move your camera very close to a subject it starts to thinner the depth of field thus you will have a very small part of it in focus.
One of the challenges for a macro photographer is focusing because it is difficult to get high magnification with the macro focus.


Tips for macro photography

Get a macro lens, if you can’t get a macro lens, then get one that focuses much shorter distance and also get some buddies these are extension tubes and they are a must.
Use a small aperture- f11-f16- f22. 
Go for a low ISO.
Add some light. This can be done by a low cost and led ring light to the front of your camera. Also, add electronic flash ring light or mini flashlights. Another alternative is to use a reflector and just to reflect some light into the scene.
Use a tripod or monopod.
It’s easy to use a monopod and can be moved about to get your focus.
Always manually focus your lens. Use a macro lens, focus to the closest possible and then move it backward and forwards, as you come into focus, you take your shots.
Frame your shot carefully and correctly.
Make sure the photograph clicked is sharp


Things to keep in mind while taking macro photographs:

Shallow depth of field:

Macro mode normally involves very high magnifications. Usually, images with such high magnifications will have a shallow depth of field. So it is very important to handle macro shots with manual focus to get a very good focus on the picture. This is a key factor to achieve mind-blowing macro shots.

Use a dedicated macro lens:

A standard macro lens is always optimized to provide its best performance at a magnification of 1 :1. Some widely used macro lenses are:

1.  50-60mm lens that is used for product photography and small objects.

2.  90-1 05mm lens that is used for photographing insects, flowers etc.

3.  150-200mm lens that is used for insects and other such smaller animals

In some cases, extension tubes can be used to convert a standard lens into a decently performing macro lens.


Lighting is one of the most important factors one should consider in macro photography. Since the camera gets real close to the object while taking macro shots, it’s possible that the light on the object might get cut off. This can be rectified by using ring flashes.

Use tripods and Remote switch for stable shots:

Even in the case of macro shots, the use of a tripod and a remote switch or a shutter release device is recommended as it gives you stable shots without any shake.


In macro photography, the background will usually go out of focus due to the depth of field produced by a macro lens. So it is advisable to choose a background that not only makes complements the color and tone of the foreground object but also makes the object stand out.


But you can learn more only when you are out in the field clicking. Try out different settings in your camera and find out that one exclusive setting that goes best with macro shots.

So load up your camera and have fun!!!


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